100 Years Ago – 21 March 1920

21 March 1920

The German Red Army, or Spartacists, seized control of took of Essen and Dusseldorf, even though the general strike had now come to an end. The revolution that took place between 1918 and 1919 caused general fear and confusion across the country, with some expecting a takeover of Germany similar to that in Russia. The revolution though came to an end and the Weimar Constitution was introduced in August 1919.

In what was then the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Tomás Mac Curtain, the Sinn Fein Mayor of Cork was shot dead by what were thought to be members of the Royal Irish Constabulary. Mac Curtain had only held the role since January 1920 and numerous people were later killed to avenge for his murder.

Concerns were raised about a national coal strike, as representatives of the miners started talks with the Government at Downing Street. A large scale strike was ultimately averted, although in 1926 there was a general strike, which was led by the miners.